Top Election Offenses and How to Spot Them

diy affidavit rev

Picture 2 of 7

From registration of voters to the canvassing of ballots, here are common offenses we should watch out:

Registration of voters

  • Unlawful exclusion of registered voters or inclusion of fictitious voters or unapproved application forms (Dagdag-Bawas)

  • Annulment of Book of Voters when prepared thru fraud, bribery, impersonation, intimidation or contains data that are statistically improbable

NOTE: Ruling or decision annulling the Book of Voters must be implemented within 90 days before an election

SANCTION: Imprisonment of not less than 1 year but not more than 6 years, not subject to probation, plus disqualification to hold public office and deprivation of the right of suffrage

 

Election campaign

  • Unlawful electioneering like soliciting votes or undertaking propaganda done (1) on the day of registration and on the day of elections for or against any candidate or political party, (2) within the polling place and within a radius of 30 meters

  • Unlawful intervention of employees in the civil service or members of the Armed Forces of the Philippines or any police force

SANCTION: Imprisonment of not less than 1 year but not more than 6 years, not subject to probation, plus disqualification to hold public office and deprivation of the right of suffrage

 

Advertising limit

Allotted time per candidate per medium

TV commercials

Less than or equal to 120 minutes national OR 480 15-seconders

Less than or equal to 60 minutes local OR 240 15-seconders

Radio commercials

Less than or equal to 180 minutes national OR 720 15-seconders

Less than or equal to 90 minutes local OR 360 15-seconders

 Broadsheet—not more than 1/4 page

 Tabloid—not more than 1/2 page

 Pamphlets, cards, stickers, etc.—8½ X 14 in.

Posters (framed or posted)—2 X 3 ft.

Streamers—3 X 8 ft.

 

Casting of votes

  • Illegal voting (any person voting more than once in the same election or voting even if not registered)

  • Vote buying (forcing to vote for or against a candidate in exchange of money, employment or grants)

  • Vote selling (soliciting or receiving any expenditure or promise to vote for or against a candidate)

  • Undue influence (similar to vote selling or buying but addressing the public)

  • Conspiracy to bribe voters (two or more people agreeing to commit vote buying or selling)

  • Preparation of ballot of one that’s not illiterate/disabled

  • Unlawful entry in polling places

RULE: It’s unlawful for members of the AFP, PNP, Barangay Council and other peace officers to enter any polling place and stay within 50 meter radius except (1) they will vote but must immediately leave after; (2) actual disturbance of peace and order; (3) Board of Election Inspectors requests (in writing) for protection of election documents

  • Coercion, threats, fraud, intimidation, terrorism

  • Arrest or interference of a voter including (1) detaining without lawful cause; (2) preventing him from going to the polling place or going home after the casting his vote; (3) compelling him to reveal how he voted

SANCTION: Imprisonment of not less than 1 year but not more than 6 years, not subject to probation, plus disqualification to hold public office and deprivation of the right of suffrage

 

Electoral Sabotage

  • Tampering, increasing or decreasing the votes received by a candidate or any member of the board refusing to credit the correct votes or deduct tampered votes

  • If said acts are perpetrated on a large scale or in substantial numbers (exceeding 5,000 votes) and in any and all cases where the total votes exceed 10,000

SANCTION: All individuals determined to be in conspiracy with the members of the BEI or BOC involved shall be meted the same penalty of life imprisonment

 

Here are punishable acts under the law, whether or not they affect the electoral process or results:

Automated Election System

  • Unauthorized use, tampering, damaging and stealing of official ballots, election returns and certificates of canvass of votes, and electronic devices

  • Interfering with the installation or use of counting devices and the processing and transmission of results

  • Gaining access to disclosing any computer data or destroying any computer-related devices

  • Refusal of the citizens’ arm to present its copy of election return to the BOC

  • Presentation of tampered election returns

  • Refusal or failure to provide majority and minority parties or the citizen’s arm their copy of election returns

  • Failure to post the voters’ list within the specified time, duration and in the designated location

SANCTION: Imprisonment of 8 years and 1 day to 12 years, without possibility of parole, perpetual disqualification to hold public (even non-elective) office and deprivation of the right of suffrage

 

Board of Election Inspectors

  • Refusal to sign and certify election forms without unjustifiable reason

  • Prohibition of political activity except to vote

  • Relieving or changing the assignment without authority of the Commission

  • Ineligible persons appointing and being appointed into the BEI or BOC

  • Refusal to issue  accredited watchers the Certificate of Votes

  • Issuance of the Certificate of Votes by the BEI

 

 

Leave a reply

required

required

optional